Albert Einstein was born in Germany on March 14, 1879. Known for his groundbreaking theories, and publishing several research articles he went on to win Nobel prize in 1921 for the explanation of the phenomenon known as the photoelectric effect. His general theory of relativity was the first major theory of gravity since Newton’ proclaimed worldwide as a “Revolution in Science” and a “New Theory of the Universe.”
After the Nazis seized power in Germany, Einstein immigrated to The United States where he started working in the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. He was a proponent of civil rights fighting against racism in the US.
Never returning to his place of birth, Einstein died on 18 April 1955.