Eric Arthur Blair was born on June 25, 1903, in Motihari, Bihar. He wrote under the pseudonym, George Orwell, a surname he derived from the River Orwell in East Anglia. His father was a civil servant in under the British rule. After his education from Eton College in England, he joined the Indian Imperial Police in Burma.
He resigned in 1927 and left to Paris to pursue a career in writing. But he remained unsuccessful for a long period of time during which he was forced to take up odd jobs for a living. It was this experience he narrated in his first book Down and Out in Paris and London. This was followed by his first novel Burmese Days, in 1934. His most loved novel, Animal Farm was published in 1945. The book which is political fable based on the Russian Revolution is one of his critically acclaimed work.
He passed away on 21 January 1950.