John F Kennedy was the thirty-fifth U.S President, was fondly known as Jack Kennedy. He was born on May 29, 1917, in Brookline, Massachusetts. After graduating from Choate and spending one semester at Princeton, Kennedy transferred to Harvard University in 1936.
In 1952, seeking greater influence and a larger platform, Kennedy challenged Republican incumbent Henry Cabot Lodge for his seat in the U.S. Senate. He had an eight-year-long Senate career of which he served as the President of the United States from January 1961, at the age of 43, until his assassination on November 21, 1963. The notable events that took place during his tenure as a president were the Bay of Pigs Invasion, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Space Race, the building of the Berlin Wall, the African-American Civil Rights Movement, Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, Police Week, the establishment of the Peace Corps, and the increased U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War. Profiles in Courage won the 1957 Pulitzer Prize for biography, and Kennedy remains the only American president to win a Pulitzer Prize.