Jyotirindranath Tagore was the elder brother of Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore. Born on May 4th, 1849 in Kolkata, he was a playwright, a musician, an editor, and a painter. He had the rare capability of spotting talent in others. He played a major role in the flowering of the talents of Rabindranath Tagore.
Jyotirindranath was attracted towards the theatre from his student days. He formed student theatre groups and staged dramas. He wrote popular plays such as Purubikram (1874), Sarojini (1875), Ashrumati (Woman in tears, 1879), Swapnamayi (Lady of Dream, 1882). His noteworthy satires include Kinchit Jalajog (Some Refreshments, 1873), Eman Karma Ar Korbo Na (I will never do such a thing again 1877), Hathath Nabab (Suddenly a Ruler, 1884), Alik Babu(Strange Man, 1900). His plays were extremely popular and were accepted by the commercial stage. He was at the forefront of the movement for women’s education and emancipation.
He died on 4th March 1925, in Ranchi, Jharkhand.