South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, philanthropist and former President, Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born on 18 July 1918. He served as the President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. First in his family to receive formal education, he entered the elite University of Fort Hare but he and some others were expelled following their protests against the college policies. He completed his bachelor’s degree by correspondence. Then studied law at the University of Witwatersrand, where he became involved in the movement against racial discrimination and forged key relationships with black and white activists.
He joned African Natonal Congress in 1944 and worked against apartheid adopting a more radical mass-based policy, the Programme of Action, in 1949. In 1993 he and President FW de Klerk jointly won the Nobel Peace Prize and on 27 April 1994 he voted for the first time in his life. On 10 May 1994 he was inaugurated as South Africa’s first democratically elected President.
Politically an African nationalist and democratic socialist, he served as President of the African National Congress(ANC) party from 1991 to 1997. He passed away on 5 December 2013.