Maxim Gorky is a Russian short story writer and novelist born on March 28, 1868. His name was Aleksey Maksimovich Peshkov and took the pseudonym Maxim Gorky, in which Gorky meant ‘bitter’. He couldn’t complete his schooling and started working at a very early age. He understood the lives of the working class and wrote stories on their lives.
Cheklash published in 1895 is considered one of his outstanding works, gave him recognition as a writer. It is the story of a colourful harbour thief in which elements of Romanticism and realism are mingled. After short stories, he wrote a series of novels which were criticised for its less powerful narrative and the continuous quest for the meaning of life. Gorky also wrote a series of plays, the most famous of which is Na dne published in 1902. Gorky’s greatest masterpiece appeared in 1923 which is the autobiographical trilogy, with the titles Detstvo( My Childhood),V lyudyakh (In the World), and Moi universitety ( My Universities) are the three books in this series considered the finest in Russian Literature.
He passed away on June 14, 1936.