Neils Bohr was born on October 7 1885 in Copenhagen. His father was an eminent physiologist and was largely responsible for awakening his interest in physics while still at school, his mother came from a family distinguished in the field of education.
Professor C. Christiansen, a renowned physicist guided him through his Masters and Doctoral degree in 1911.It was in this year that he started working in the Cavendish Laboratory under J.J. Thomson, then went on to work in Rutherford’s Laboratory. There he carried out a theoretical piece of work on the absorption of alpha rays which was published in the Philosophical Magazine, 1913, he passed on to a study of the structure of atoms on the basis of Rutherford’s discovery of the atomic nucleus.
In 1913-1914 Bohr held a Lectureship in Physics at Copenhagen University and in 1914-1916 a similar appointment at the Victoria University in Manchester. In 1916 he was appointed Professor of Theoretical Physics at Copenhagen University, and since 1920 (until his death in 1962) he was at the head of the Institute for Theoretical Physics, established for him at that university. Recognition of his work on the structure of atoms came with the award of the Nobel Prize for 1922.
Niels Bohr died in Copenhagen on November 18, 1962.