Pablo Neruda, the Nobel Prize winning Chilean poet was born on July 12, 1904. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971. At the early age of thirteen he began to contribute some articles to the daily “La Mañana”, among them, Entusiasmo y Perseverancia – his first publication – and his first poem. In 1920, he became a contributor to the literary journal “Selva Austral” under the pen name of Pablo Neruda, which he adopted in memory of the Czechoslovak poet Jan Neruda. Crepusculario published in 1923 was his first published book. After which he published, Veinte poemas de amor y una cancion desesperada, one of his best-known and most translated works. Residencia en la tierra published in 1933 marked his literary breakthrough.
In 1939, Neruda was appointed consul for the Spanish emigration, residing in Paris, and, shortly afterwards, Consul General in Mexico. In 1943, Neruda returned to Chile, and in 1945 he was elected senator of the Republic, also joining the Communist Party of Chile.
His works were translated to many languages and has been praised as rich, tender and passionate. He passed away on September 23, 1973.