Pearl Sydenstricker Buck (1892- 1973), popularly known as Pearl .S. Buck was born in West Virginia. Born to parents who were missionaries, she was raised in China. She graduated from Randolph- Macon Women’s college in Virginia. Her first novel was East wind, West Wind, followed by the Nobel prize winning novel, The Good Earth. This was succeeded by two more in the series, Sons and A house divided, which together formed a trilogy on the Wang family.
Readers hailed her work for the earthy descriptions of life in the Chinese countryside, detailing about a rags- to- riches farmer in The Good Earth. All along she paints a portrait of China in this, as well as in the books that followed. The Good Earth was awarded the Nobel prize for literature in 1938. The announcement was met with sarcasm by critics. But, her book appealed to the masses, “not in spite [of], but because of their bland, trite, ingratiating mass marketing techniques”, as quoted by, Hilary Spurling.
Later in her works, she brought in the clash between East and West, with even India and Korea being her countries of interest. She has also written two biographies for her parents, ‘The Exile and Fighting Angel’.